Tag Archives: nic

InterVLAN Routing with Internet Access on Ubuntu

topology

Scenario:

  • Router: Ubuntu Server with 1 network card.
  • Clients:  WindowsXP in VLAN10,Windows7 in VLAN20.
  • Internet: Internet Router on VLAN30
  • Switch: Cisco 2960
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InterVLAN Routing using CentOS with 1 Interface

Scenario:
  • Router: CentOS Server with 1 network card.
  • Clients: 2 WindowsXP in VLAN10,1 Ubuntu and 1 CentOS in VLAN20.
  • Switch: Cisco 2960
Cisco 2960 Switch Configuration:
interface FastEthernet0/1
description CONNECTED TO CentOS ROUTER
switchport mode trunk
!
!
!
interface FastEthernet0/5
description WINXP-1
switchport access vlan 10
switchport mode access
!
interface FastEthernet0/6
description WINXP-2
switchport access vlan 10
switchport mode access
!
!
!
interface FastEthernet0/15
description UBUNTU CLIENT
switchport access vlan 20
switchport mode access
!
interface FastEthernet0/16
description CentOS CLIENT
switchport access vlan 20
switchport mode access
CentOS Router Configuration:

First, we need to disable the SELinux:

sudo nano /etc/selinux/config

Change SELINUX from enforcing to disabled:

To configure the base interface(in my case, eth0):

sudo nano /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

It should have at least the following elements:

DEVICE=eth0 
BOOTPROTO=none   #if it didn’t work then use static
ONBOOT=yes 
TYPE=Ethernet

To setup a VLAN10, on eth0, then we should create a file ifcfg-vlan10 inside /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/:

ifcfg-vlan10 should have following elements:

Again to setup a VLAN20, on eth0, then we should create a file ifcfg-vlan20 inside /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/:

ifcfg-vlan20 should have following elements:

To enable ip forwarding, edit /etc/sysctl.conf file:

sudo nano /etc/sysctl.conf

Change net.ipv4.ip_forward from 0 to 1:

Restart the Networking service:

sudo service network restart

Use the ifconfig command to check the newly created vlan interfaces:

ifconfig

To forward the traffic between the vlans, we should configure the iptables:

sudo nano /etc/sysconfig/iptables

Add these two lines (place them according to your iptables file configuration):

-A FORWARD -i vlan10 -o vlan20 -m state --state NEW,RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -i vlan20 -o vlan10 -m state --state NEW,RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT

Test from WinXP-1:

Test from WinXP-2:

Test from Ubuntu Client:

Test from CentOS Client:

 

Hope this will help you!

 

Please Remember me in your prayers!


InterVLAN Routing using Ubuntu with 1 Interface

Scenario:
  • Router: Ubuntu Server with 1 network card.
  • Clients: 2 WindowsXP in VLAN10,1 Ubuntu and 1 CentOS in VLAN20.
  • Switch: Cisco 2960
Cisco 2960 Switch Configuration:
interface FastEthernet0/1
description CONNECTED TO UBUNTU ROUTER
switchport mode trunk
!
!
!
interface FastEthernet0/5
description WINXP-1
switchport access vlan 10
switchport mode access
!
interface FastEthernet0/6
description WINXP-2
switchport access vlan 10
switchport mode access
!
!
!
interface FastEthernet0/15
description UBUNTU CLIENT
switchport access vlan 20
switchport mode access
!
interface FastEthernet0/16
description CentOS CLIENT
switchport access vlan 20
switchport mode access
 Ubuntu Router Configuration:

To install the vlan support on ubuntu, use this command:

sudo apt-get install vlan

Now we shall configure the vlans on Ubuntu router by editing the /etc/network/interfaces:

sudo nano /etc/network/interfaces

To enable ip forwarding, edit /etc/sysctl.conf file:

sudo nano /etc/sysctl.conf

Change net.ipv4.ip_forward from 0 to 1:

Load “8021q” kernel module:

(Optional): If the Ubuntu router didn’t load the 8021q kernel module at boot time, then use this command to add  the module to the kernel on boot:

sudo su -c 'echo "8021q" >> /etc/modules'

Restart the Networking service:

sudo /etc/init.d/networking restart

Use the ifconfig command to check the newly created vlan interfaces:

ifconfig

Verify the vlan configuration:

sudo cat /proc/net/vlan/config

Test from WinXP-1:

Test from WinXP-2:

Test from Ubuntu Client:

Test from CentOS Client:

Hope this will help you!

Please Remember me in your prayers!

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